La Pérouse, Jean-François de Galaup, count de
- (1741-1788)navigatorBorn in Le Guo, near Albi, Jean-François de Galaup, count de La Pérouse joined the navy in 1756 and took part in several campaigns against the British (rejoining the fleet of Admiral jean-baptiste d'estaing in the Antilles in 1779; seizing two forts in Hudson Bay in 1782). In 1785, he left Brest for an expedition to explore parts of the world. By Cape Horn, Easter Island, and the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), he reached the northwest coast of North America. North of the Sandwich Islands he discovered Necker island and the Marianas, reaching Macao. After skirting the Philippines, he reached Japan and discovered the strait separating the islands of Hokkaido and Sakhalin that today bears his name. From there, he went to Kamtchatcka, then sailed toward Samoa, where his second in command was killed by the natives. From Tonga, La Pérouse went to Botany Bay (Australia), where he wrote his last letter (February 7, 1788). The navigator antoine d'entrecasteaux undertook, without success, an expedition to find La Pérouse in 1791. In 1826, the remains of La Pérouse's ship were found on vanikoro, where he was probably killed by the inhabitants. The explorer jules dumont d'urville was also sent there in 1828.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
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